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Intellectual disability (id), also known as general learning disability and mental retardation (mr), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. It is defined by an iq under 70, in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affect everyday, general living. according to turnbull, turnbull, shank, smith, and leal , 2. 5 percent of individuals with mental retardation enroll in postsecondary academic programs after high school, 5. 7 percent enroll in post secondary vocational programs after high school, 40. This book makes it clear that many of the problems of retardation are caused by the misunderstanding and intolerance of societies that place extraordinary emphasis on mental ability and its measurable manifestations school achievement and iq. It is just this sort of intolerance and misunderstanding that edgerton seeks to dispel. Changes in the way mental retardation is defined have mainly reflected changing conceptions of how it should be measured. One important goal of this book is to institute a workable definition, founded on scientific and evolutionary perspectives, that provides guidelines for recognizing and classifying mental retardation within the context of a comprehensive, differential assessment and. The aamr 2002 definition reads mental retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations, both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behaviour, as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills, the disability originating before the age of 18. A complete and accurate understanding of mental retardation. Doctors for mental retardation in whitefield, bangalore - book doctor appointment, consult online, view doctor fees, user reviews, address and phone numbers of doctors for mental retardation . Prevalence of mental retardation and developmental disabilities estimates from the 19941995 national health interview survey disability supplements.